Demonstration, take-up and further dissemination of sustainable integrated planning methods in European cities

Laufzeit: 01.02.2006 bis 31.01.2009

Auftraggeber/Finanzierung: European Commission

Directorate-General for Energy and Transport/Intelligent Energy Executive Agency

Bearbeitung: Carsten Gertz (Leitung), Philine Gaffron - in co-operation with Joachim Eble Architektur



  • 1. Provide municipalities throughout Europe with experiences and tools to (re)create urban areas or arterial and urban through roads with respect to sustainability (energy-saving, emissions, etc), liveability, accessibility, safety and economic viability in a lasting way. These experiences and tools are on integrated urban planning methods;

    2. To implement the above mentioned integrated methods in 5 cities (the so-called ‘Implementation Cities’), in 4 different countries: Germany, Slovak Republic, Spain and Italy.

    3. To disseminate the knowledge gained and developed during the project in the ‘implementation cities’ – e.g. by sound evaluation and monitoring - to other European cities. At least 3 extra per country, being 4x3=12 cities, will be directly involved through four national quality support groups. Over 300 cities will be targeted by the dissemination activities

    4. To reduce the demand for transport, facilitate a modal shift and increase the energy efficiency of car use

    5. To reduce the energy use in transport at the city project level by at least 25%;

    6. To significantly reduce concentrations of local pollutants noise and traffic accidents by the use of integrated planning method.



The SNOWBALL project beings together a group of cities and expert on urban planning. Recent experiences based on implementations and research (e.g. Project ECOCITY) has shown that integrated urban planning will lead to plans that are better for the environment. Two different types of integrated planning methods will be introduced in urban areas. The first method, which is called the Local Transport Performance (LTP) is an area-based approach. It is an integrated planning approach on the regional and local level that reduces the demand for transport because person kilometres travelled decreases. Also a modal shift towards less energy intensive modes could be achieved. LTP has proven to result in a shift from car use to the use of slow modes and/or public transport use in many cities already. The second method, Drive Slow Go Faster (DSGF), is corridor based. The DSGF road design improves energy efficiency of existing traffic volumes by establishing constant reduced speeds.


The following results are expected from SNOWBALL.

  • 1. Description of best practises of integrated urban planning;

    2. Five workshops on integrated urban planning in five cities (25 workshops) with at least 20 professionals attending each workshop;

    3. Three train the trainer sessions in five cities, and three coaching days per city;

    4. The installation of at least four National Quality Support Groups who will involve at least three cities interested in integrated urban planning

    5. Dissemination of all the results to over 300 European cities through several communication channels.

European Commission website