More than twenty-five years ago, the Global Supply Chain Network (BVL) launched the study series “Trends and Strategies in Logistics and Supply Chain Management”. Since then, the project has produced information about future developments and possible courses of action, so that it functions as a leading source for logistics and supply chain management experts.
The Baltic Sea Region is one of the most dynamic regions in Europe. In the last two years, the gross domestic product in the Baltic Sea Region has increased by a total of about 3%. However, the speed of economic development varies greatly from country to country. Among other things, differences in the development of logistics and information and communication technologies (ICT) play an important role here, as they have a major influence on the competitiveness of companies and thus also on the region itself.
Inadequate load securing is one of the main causes of serious accidents involving trucks in Europe. Against the background of the high volume of freight traffic in Europe, the protection of road users from such dangers must therefore be given the highest priority. The research project CARING (Cargo securing to prevent cargo damages on road, sea, rail and air) addresses this problem.
The economic growth rate of the Baltic Sea Region is higher than the EU average, which results in increasing heavy goods traffic. Over the past ten years, the freight volume more than doubled in the region and it is expected that the trend will grow because of the EU enlargement and the increasing trade with Russia and Belarus. Hamburg benefits from this growth since it is Germany’s most important logistic hub and a gateway for the trade with Northern and Eastern Europe.
Ports, terminals and storage facilities are often located close to residential areas, thus potentially exposing a large number of people to the consequences of accidents. The HAZARD project deals with these concerns by bringing together rescue services, other authorities, logistics operators and established knowledge partners.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as actors and operators of logistics systems are increasingly exposed to the complexity effects of competition and megatrends. Despite this development, approaches to complexity cost management have been available in the literature up to now mainly with a focus on product systems. The present research project aims to remedy this identified weakness. The integration of theory and practice is achieved by linking the findings of a comprehensive literature search with the practical expertise of the members of the project support committee. In the course of the method development, complexity cost drivers of different complexity types were identified. The concept of complexity as a characteristic of comprehensive systems was used to structure these in a superordinate frame of reference. The cybernetic control loop was used methodically.
The complex structures of today's supply chains not only increase the dependency between the players, but also increase the vulnerability to risks in the network. In the past, incisive events such as natural disasters or terrorist attacks have temporarily disrupted the supply chain, thus further increasing attention to risk management. Supply chain risks differ from classic internal company risks in their damaging effect across companies. For this reason, companies are increasingly using more advanced methods of analysis and control and implementing a so-called Supply Chain Risk Management (SCRM).
The increasing dependence on supply chain partners increases the risk of disruptions in increasingly complex value chains. Studies have shown that corporate performance and thus competitiveness can be significantly improved by systematic risk management. In addition, the increased number of insolvencies, especially among small and medium-sized companies, in recent years is due not least to a lack of risk management.
It is also a serious and exciting project for logisticians: to make the backbone of economic life, logistics, secure against criminal and terrorist attacks. And so far, there have only been isolated approaches to secure the transport of goods from danger. This is where the SefLog project comes in. It stands for safe and efficient logistics processes through prevention, identification and management of threats.
The tasks of aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) include the inspection, maintenance, repair and modification of aircraft with the aim of keeping them safe and operational for daily flight operations. In addition to maintaining the entire aircraft system (e.g. C-check), MRO service providers also carry out maintenance work on individual equipment systems (equipment components, engines, landing gear, etc.).
The release order plays a central role in sea freight imports because it entitles a transport company to collect a container from the terminal. The high requirements for security and access authorization that are linked to the release process are ideally suited for the investigating Blockchain technology in practice: The process is not too complicated, but extremely sensitive and so far there is no continuous IT-supported flow of information. The Blockchain promises a universal truth for all participants. It can be verified by digital signatures, is immutable through by cryptography and the consensus algorithms. Within the scope of the project, two alternative models will be considered and integrated into the existing import platform of the Port of Hamburg, tested for their practical suitability and compared to the existing solution.
BVL uses comprehensive surveys to analyse the current "Trends and Strategies in Logistics and Supply Chain Management". The aim of the project is to obtain a clear picture of the current implementation status, future developments and their effects. In 2016/2017, this study was carried out under the direction of Professor Wolfgang Kersten of the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) and Professor Mischa Seiter of the International Performance Research Institute (IPRI) on behalf of BVL. The consortium partners were Lufthansa Industry Solutions BS GmbH in Hamburg and Horváth & Partner GmbH in Stuttgart.
Transparent supply chains in industry can significantly increase efficiency and customer benefit. However, product traceability is currently very costly, or even impossible, as many parties are usually involved. In the food sector, for example, a lack of transparency can have health consequences if the cooling process in production or transport has been interrupted in the meantime. Blockchain as a new technology and driving force for digital transformation opens up transparency in logistics as well as in the supply chain and offers a common and tamper-proof data set. With the help of the distributed blockchain architecture, trust in the data can be established without a central instance.
The project DIMLA aims at developing a flexible and adaptive system of key performance indicators (KPI) grid which helps to evaluate maturity levels of SMEs in the aerospace industry. The grid will cover the following three areas: a) Description and categorization of considered companies, b) Digital technology maturity levels and c) Internationalization maturity levels.
The research project aims to investigate the monetary effects caused by modularization on the basis of an extended life cycle of modular product architectures and to derive the effects along the entire supply chain. Thus, a substantial extension of the predecessor project "Cost Effects of Modularization" can be achieved, which was raised as a question by the PA companies.