Christian Weiland, M.Sc.

Eissendorfer Str. 38, bulding O, Room 3.019

Telephone: +49 40 42878-4644

E-Mail: Christian Weiland, M.Sc.


Research

Numerical Simulation of the Mixing Time and Pathlines of Lagrangian Tracer Particles of a Stirred Tank Reactor

For optimisation of aerated stirred tank reactors (STR) both experiments and simulations are conducted for STRs of lab and industrial scale. In the past most of the consideration was done experimentally. Also an investigation of an industrial scale STR was conducted simulatively via classical CFD. The following work focusses on the simulative investigation of a lab scale STR via the Lattice-Boltzmann-Method to achieve knowledge of the mixing time in the reactor. Additionally the behaviour of Lagrangian particles is considered. By investigating the pathlines of these Lagrangian particles it is possible to determine separated areas of different mixing behaviour, called Lagrangian Coherent Structures, to get the possibility to determine e.g. compartments and to get the knowledge if process parameter adjustment would be necessary to optimise the process itself.

Figure 1: Simulated tracer concentration over four seconds after tracer injection (injection at t = 40 s)


Numerical Simulation of the Fluid Dynamics of Gas-Liquid-Flows in Structured Internals

The aim of this project is to simulate the two phase fluid flow inside of structured internals. Validation occurs by experiments. The focus is to achieve knowledge about the velocity field, pressure drop, gas hold-up and bubble size distribution. For modelling the gaseous phase population balance models seem to be an attracitve possibility.

Figure 2: Typical velocity field in a structured internal

With the achieved knowledge internals shall be designed to force the observed process into a desired direction concerning yield, selectivity, energy efficiency, etc.


 
 

Education

Undergraduate courses:

  • Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (Fluid Mechanics I)

Graduate courses:

  • Fluid Mechanics in Process Engineering (Fluid Mechanics II)
  • Process Design Project (Projektierungskurs), Winter term 2020/2021


Supervised Theses

  • CFD-Benchmark von kontinuierlich betriebenen statischen Mischern: Lattice-Boltzmann Methode und Finite-Volumen-Methode (working title), Roman Neubauer, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with Torben Frey, M.Sc.), ongoing
  • Auslegung und Bau eines Wassermühlrades im Labormaßstab zur Ermittlung der abgegeben Leistung im Originalmaßstab unter Berücksichtigung ausgewählter dimensionsloser Kennzahlen (working title), Jarik Koenig, Project Work (in supervision coorperation with Felix Kexel, M.Sc.), ongoing
  • Direkte Numerische Simulation des Grenzflächen-Stofftransports in Blasenströmungen mithilfe einer VOF-Methode, Roberto Flores Cavero, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with PD Dr.-Ing habil. Yan Jin), July 2022
  • Untersuchung von Transportbarrieren innerhalb eines kontinuierlichen Rührkesselreaktors unter Verwendung dreidimensionaler Lagrangescher Kohärenter Strukturen, Eike Steuwe, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with Prof. Dr. Alexandra von Kameke), May 2022
  • Ermittlung der Leistungsabgabe eines Wassermühlenrades unter Verwendung numerischer Strömungssimulation, Alexander Hanke, Project work, April 2022
  • Charakterisierung der Totzeitverteilung in Rührkesselreaktoren mittels numerischer Strömungssimulation mit der Lattice-Boltzmann Methode, Mustafa Salli, Bachelor's Thesis, March 2022
  • Mehrzieloptimierung einer durchströmten offenen Struktur unter Anwendung des diskreten Adjungiertenverfahrens mittels numerischer Strömungssimulation, Mona Abbas Sayed Omar, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with Claas Spille, M.Sc.), January 2022
  • Nichtinvasive Bestimmung des portosystemischen Druckgradienten nach TIPS-Implantation: Vergleich von stationären und transienten numerischen Strömungssimulationen, Muhammad Ismahil, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with Dr.-Ing. Marko Hoffmann and close coorperation with Dr. med. Christoph Riedel (UKE)), December 2021
  • Analyse von Einflussparametern auf den portosystemischen Druckgradienten nach TIPS-Implantation mittels numerischer Strömungssimulation, Eleonora Abu Rashed, Master's Thesis (in supervision coorperation with Dr.-Ing. Marko Hoffmann and close coorperation with Dr. med. Christoph Riedel (UKE)), May 2021
  • Geometrieoptimierung unter Nutzung numerischer Simulation mittels Verwendung des ANSYS Adjoint Solvers, Mona Abbas Sayed Omar, Project Work (in supervision coorperation with Claas Spille, M.Sc.), March 2021
  • Numerische Simulation der Fluiddynamik unter Berücksichtigung der Mischcharakteristik eines nicht-newtonschen Fluides innerhalb einer industriellen Mischapparatur, Simon Abraha, Master's Thesis, July 2020
  • Bewertung einer neuen Methode zur nichtinvasiven Messung von dynamischen Temperaturverläufen mittels numerischer Strömungssimulation, Hanno Hagenström, Master's Thesis, Dezember 2019
  • Prediction of the Mass Transfer Coefficient Based on the Eddy Cell Model for an Aerated Stirred Tank Reactor under Multiple Operating Conditions, Hendrick Jansen, Master's Thesis, November 2019


Oral and Poster Presentations

  • Hofmann, S.; Weiland, C.; GopalSingh, P.; Kamp, M.; Fitschen, J.; v. Kameke, A.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.: "Experimental and numerical determination of lifelines in a 3 L, 200 L and 15000 L stirred tank reactor to estimate the flow-following capability of Lagrangian Sensor Particles", MIXING XXVII, North American Mixing Forum (NAMF), Online Conference 2022, virtual poster presentation
  • Weiland, C.; Hofmann, S.; Fitschen, J.; von Kameke, A.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.: "Numerische Simulation Lagrangescher Partikeltrajektorien und Charakterisierung des Partikelfolgevermögens in einem 3 L Rührkesselreaktor", ProcessNet Jahrestreffen CFD, Mischen und Agglomeration 2022, Leipzig, oral presentation
  • Hofmann, S.; Weiland, C.; Fitschen, J.; von Kameke, A.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.: "Vergleich von experimentellen und numerischen Untersuchungen zur Abschätzung des Folgevermögens verschiedener Lagrange’scher Partikel in der Bioreaktorströmung", ProcessNet Jahrestreffen CFD, Mischen und Agglomeration 2022, Leipzig, oral presentation
  • Weiland, C.; Fitschen, J.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.:"Numerical Simulation and Validation of the Bubble Size Distribution in an Aerated Stirred Tank Reactor", ProcessNet Jahrestreffen Mehrphasenströmungen & CFD 2021, virtual poster presentation
  • Weiland, C.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.: "Numerical Simulation of the Mixing Time and Pathlines of Lagrangian Tracer Particles in a Stirred Tank Reactor", Hamburg-Bochumer Mehrphasensymposium, 2020, virtual poster presentation


Publications

2022

  • Hofmann, S.; Weiland, C.; Fitschen, J.; von Kameke, A., Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M. (2022). Lagrangian sensors in a stirred tank reactor: Comparing trajectories from 4D-Particle Tracking Velocimetry and Lattice-Boltzmann simulations. Chemical Engineering Journal. 449. [Abstract] [doi]