Prof. Dr. Alexandra von Kameke

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Production

Hamburg University of Applied Sciences

Berliner Tor 21

20099 Hamburg

Phone +49 40 428 75 - 8624

Mail Prof. Dr. Alexandra von Kameke


Research Interest

  •  2D-Turbulence

  • Reaction-Diffusion-Advection Systems

  • Faraday Flow 

  • Vorticity generation

  • Global and local mixing dynamics and statistics

  • Turbulent inter-scale kinetic energy transfer

  • Pipe turbulence

  • Reaction front spreading

"Generation of energy and vorticity production by surface waves through two-dimensional turbulence effects"

We study energy condensation in quasi two-dimensional turbulence that is driven by surface waves. This physical mechanism is investigated with regard to its potential for energy production.
In two-dimensional turbulence the net energy is transferred from small scales to large scales. Energy condensation develops when large scale friction is low and energy piles up at large scales. In this way, energy condensation produces large ordered flow structures from disordered small scale forcing that drives the two-dimensional turbulence. It was shown only recently that two-dimensional turbulence can also be driven by surface waves [von Kameke et al. 2011].

However, it is unclear if two-dimensional turbulence and energy condensation can also be driven by more naturally occurring unordered forcing as for instance provided by oceanic surface waves. Further, it is not yet fully understood how non-breaking surface waves generate horizontal vorticity, and if the waves have to possess certain properties, i.e., if they need to be standing, non-linear or monochromatic [Francois et al. 2014, Filatov et al. 2016]. Additionally, the necessary boundary conditions for energy condensation are vague and need clarification. And, it needs to be addressed if the process of energy condensation is stable to the introduction of further sources of drag, i.e., when a turbine is plugged into the fluid flow in order to retrieve energy.

Here, these open points are to be investigated using a Faraday experiment [von Kameke et al. 2010, von Kameke et al. 2011, von Kameke et al. 2013]. The generation of vorticity by the surface waves and the influence of the boundary- and forcing- conditions on energy condensation will be studied as well as the velocity statistics. To this end the full unsteady three-dimensional velocity field at the water surface and below the water surface needs to be recorded which has not been investigated so far. The latest optical methods will be used, such as time-resolved high speed planar particle image velocimetry and time-resolved three-dimensional particle image velocimetry and particle tracking. The complete velocity data allows to doubtlessly verify, if the flow obtained in each case is two-dimensional and, if energy condensation takes place. Two-dimensionality is analyzed on the basis of energy and enstrophy spectra and spectral fluxes, calculated with the aid of a novel filtering method [Eyink, 1995, von Kameke et al. 2011, von Kameke et al. 2013]. Moreover, existing three- dimensional flow structures will be identified and characterized. The forcing, exerted by the surface waves on the fluid-particles, and the resulting vorticity generation will be quantified by measuring the fluid surface elevation simultaneously to the PIV measurements and the subsequent usage of Lagrangian methods [von Kameke et al. 2011, von Kameke et al. 2013, LaCasce 2008] that allow to correlate both movements. The objective of this study is to uncover a new effective mechanism to retrieve renewable energy and will broaden insight into surface wave physics and two-dimensional turbulence. 


Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) - Projektnummer 395843083


Title: Validation of Novel Lattice Boltzmann Large Eddy Simulations (LB LES) for Equipment Characterization in Biopharma.
Written by: Kuschel, M.; Fitschen, F.; Hoffmann, M.; Kameke, A. v.; Wucherpfennig, T.; Schlüter, M.
in: <em>Processes</em>. (2021).
Volume: <strong>9</strong>. Number: (6),
on pages: 950
how published:


Abstract: Detailed process and equipment knowledge is crucial for the successful production of biopharmaceuticals. An essential part is the characterization of equipment for which Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is an important tool. While the steady, Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) k ? ? approach has been extensively reviewed in the literature and may be used for fast equipment characterization in terms of power number determination, transient schemes have to be further investigated and validated to gain more detailed insights into flow patterns because they are the method of choice for mixing time simulations. Due to the availability of commercial solvers, such as M-Star CFD, Lattice Boltzmann simulations have recently become popular in the industry, as they are easy to set up and require relatively low computing power. However, extensive validation studies for transient Lattice Boltzmann Large Eddy Simulations (LB LES) are still missing. In this study, transient LB LES were applied to simulate a 3 L bioreactor system. The results were compared to novel 4D particle tracking (4D PTV) experiments, which resolve the motion of thousands of passive tracer particles on their journey through the bioreactor. Steady simulations for the determination of the power number followed a structured workflow, including grid studies and rotating reference frame volume studies, resulting in high prediction accuracy with less than 11% deviation, compared to experimental data. Likewise, deviations for the transient simulations were less than 10% after computational demand was reduced as a result of prior grid studies. The time averaged flow fields from LB LES were in good accordance with the novel 4D PTV data. Moreover, 4D PTV data enabled the validation of transient flow structures by analyzing Lagrangian particle trajectories. This enables a more detailed determination of mixing times and mass transfer as well as local exposure times of local velocity and shear stress peaks. For the purpose of standardization of common industry CFD models, steady RANS simulations for the 3 L vessel were included in this study as well.