|Title: Propagation of a chemical wave front in a quasi-two-dimensional superdiffusive flow.|
|Written by: A. von Kameke, F. Huhn, G. Fernández-García, A. P. Muñuzuri, and V. Pérez-Muñuzuri|
|in: <em>Phys. Rev.</em>. June (2010).|
|Volume: <strong>81</strong>. Number:|
Abstract: Pattern formation in reaction-diffusion systems is an important self-organizing mechanism in nature. Dynamics of systems with normal diffusion do not always reflect the processes that take place in real systems when diffusion is enhanced by a fluid flow. In such reaction-diffusion-advection systems diffusion might be anomalous for certain time and length scales. We experimentally study the propagation of a chemical wave occurring in a Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction subjected to a quasi-two-dimensional chaotic flow created by the Faraday experiment. We present a novel analysis technique for the local expansion of the active wave front and find evidence of its superdiffusivity. In agreement with these findings the variance ?(2)(t)?t(?) of the reactive wave grows supralinear in time with an exponent ?>2. We study the characteristics of the underlying flow with microparticles. By statistical analysis of particle trajectories we derive flight time and jump length distributions and find evidence that tracer-particles undergo complex trajectories related to Lévy statistics. The propagation of active and passive media in the flow is compared.