|Title: Effects of bubble-induced turbulence on interfacial species transport: A direct numerical simulation study.|
|Written by: Jin, Y.; Cavero, R.F.; Weiland, C.; Hoffmann, M.; Schlüter, M.|
|in: <em>Chemical Engineering Science</em>. (2023).|
|Volume: <strong>279</strong>. Number: (5),|
|on pages: 118934|
Abstract: A direct numerical simulation (DNS) study is carried out to understand the effects of bubble-induced turbulence on the interfacial species transport. A volume-of-fluid (VOF) method is used in the DNS to simulate the multiphase flow in a box containing one or two deformable bubbles. The bubbly flows with Schmidt numbers , Reynolds numbers , Eötvös number and gas volume fractions have been investigated. The DNS results indicate that the one-dimensional energy spectra evolve as the power −3 of the wavenumber at large scales. At a high Schmidt number, an inertial subrange characterized by the slope can be found in the power spectra of species concentration. The power spectra of species concentration for different Schmidt numbers become close to each other when the wavenumber is scaled with .The bubble-induced turbulence enhances the oscillation of the transient Sherwood number, however, it has marginal effects on the time-averaged value. By contrast, the time-averaged Sherwood number for a fixed Peclet number increases with an increase of, indicating that convection plays a more important role in species transport when the bubbles are more densely populated. A possible reason is that, the neighboring bubbles enhance the spatial fluctuations of the velocity, which favor the interfacial species transfer. The energy spectrum confirms that an increase of leads to stronger spatial fluctuations of the vertical velocity component at low wavenumbers.