Generation and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems (E = Mp2)

Fact Sheet

AcronymE = Mp2
NameGeneration and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems
(in German: Generierung und Optimierung von Echtzeitfähigem Code für Eingebettete Multiprozess- und Multiprozessor-Systeme)
Role of TUHHApplicant
Start Date01/02/2012
End Date30/09/2017
Funds DonorDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)


During the design of safety-critical real-time systems like, e.g., airbag or flight attitude controllers, their behavior is specified at a high abstraction level. Compilers are an indispensible tool on the way from such a model-based specification to an actual implementation. For singlecore and singleprocess systems, compilers have recently been extended to support real-time properties already during compilation. For multiprocess and multiprocessor systems, compilers currently lack such a support despite of the increasing relevance of such parallel systems.

E = Mp2 aims to provide a software development environment for multiprocess and multiprocessor systems which produces efficient and optimized program code that provably meets real-time constraints. For this purpose, it has to be clarified how compiler and scheduler of an operating system need to cooperate. In addition, novel timing models supporting response times of processes and schedulability of entire systems need to be developed. Based on these timing models, novel compiler optimizations targeting on worst-case timing aspects and schedulability are designed.

In multiprocess systems, tasks can preempt each other and thus interfere. E = Mp2 develops compiler optimizations considering such context switches and scheduling strategies. In multiprocessor systems, different cores can access shared resources (e.g., buses or memories) at the same time and thus can cause additional interference. Therefore, this project works on compiler optimizations minimizing the worst-case timing of such systems by considering accesses to shared resources.

E = Mp2 Publications of the Embedded Systems Design Group

Title: Partitioned Scheduling for Real-Time Tasks on Multiprocessor Embedded Systems with Programmable Shared SRAMs. <em>In Proceedings of the International Conference on Embedded Software (EMSOFT)</em>
Written by: Che-Wei Chang, Jian-Jia Chen, Waqaas Munawar, Tei-Wei Kuo and Heiko Falk
in: October (2012).
Volume: Number:
on pages: 153-162
Series: 20121008-emsoft-chang.pdf
Address: Tampere / Finland
ISBN: 10.1145/2380356.2380384
how published: 12-25 CCM+12 EMSOFT

Note: hfalk, ESD, emp2, tacle

Abstract: This work is motivated by the advance of multiprocessor system architecture, in which the allocation of tasks over heterogeneous memory modules has a significant impact on the task execution. By considering two different types of memory modules with different access latencies, this paper explores joint considerations of memory allocation and real-time task scheduling to minimize the maximum utilization of processors of the system. For implicit-deadline sporadic tasks, a two-phase algorithm is developed, where the first phase determines memory allocation to derive a lower bound of the maximum utilization, and the second phase adopts worst-fit partitioning to assign tasks. It is shown that the proposed algorithm leads to a tight (2 - 2/(M+1))-approximation bound where M is the number of processors. The proposed algorithm is then evaluated with 82 realistic benchmarks from MRTC, MediaBench, UTDSP, NetBench and DSPstone, and extensive simulations are further conducted to analyze the proposed algorithm.