Generation and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems (E = Mp2)

Fact Sheet

AcronymE = Mp2
NameGeneration and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems
(in German: Generierung und Optimierung von Echtzeitfähigem Code für Eingebettete Multiprozess- und Multiprozessor-Systeme)
Role of TUHHApplicant
Start Date01/02/2012
End Date30/09/2017
Funds DonorDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)


During the design of safety-critical real-time systems like, e.g., airbag or flight attitude controllers, their behavior is specified at a high abstraction level. Compilers are an indispensible tool on the way from such a model-based specification to an actual implementation. For singlecore and singleprocess systems, compilers have recently been extended to support real-time properties already during compilation. For multiprocess and multiprocessor systems, compilers currently lack such a support despite of the increasing relevance of such parallel systems.

E = Mp2 aims to provide a software development environment for multiprocess and multiprocessor systems which produces efficient and optimized program code that provably meets real-time constraints. For this purpose, it has to be clarified how compiler and scheduler of an operating system need to cooperate. In addition, novel timing models supporting response times of processes and schedulability of entire systems need to be developed. Based on these timing models, novel compiler optimizations targeting on worst-case timing aspects and schedulability are designed.

In multiprocess systems, tasks can preempt each other and thus interfere. E = Mp2 develops compiler optimizations considering such context switches and scheduling strategies. In multiprocessor systems, different cores can access shared resources (e.g., buses or memories) at the same time and thus can cause additional interference. Therefore, this project works on compiler optimizations minimizing the worst-case timing of such systems by considering accesses to shared resources.

E = Mp2 Publications of the Embedded Systems Design Group

Title: Real-Time Partitioned Scheduling on Multi-Core Systems with Local and Global Memories. <em>In Proceedings of the 18th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC)</em>
Written by: Che-Wei Chang, Jian-Jia Chen, Tei-Wei Kuo and Heiko Falk
in: January (2013).
Volume: Number:
on pages: 467-472
Series: 20130124-aspdac-chang.pdf
Address: Yokohama / Japan
ISBN: 10.1109/ASPDAC.2013.6509640
how published: 13-95 CCK+13 ASP-DAC

Note: hfalk, ESD, emp2, tacle

Abstract: Real-time task scheduling becomes even more challenging with the emerging of island-based multi-core architecture, where the local memory module of an island offers shorter access time than the global memory module does. With such a popular architecture design in mind, this paper exploits real-time task scheduling over island-based homogeneous cores with local and global memory pools. Joint considerations of real-time scheduling and memory allocation are presented to efficiently use the computing and memory resources. A polynomial-time algorithm with an asymptotic 4-approximation bound is proposed to minimize the number of needed islands to successfully schedule tasks. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, 82 benchmarks from the MRTC, MediaBench, UTDSP, NetBench, and DSPstone benchmark suites were profiled by a worst-case-execution-time analyzer aiT and included in the experiments.