Title: Proximity-Based Haptic Feedback for Collaborative Robotic Needle Insertion. <em>Haptics: Science, Technology, Applications</em>
Written by: R. Mieling and C. Stapper and S. Gerlach and M. Neidhardt and S. Latus and M. Gromniak and P. Breitfeld and A. Schlaefer
in: (2022).
Volume: Number:
on pages: 301-309
Editor: In Seifi, Hasti and Kappers, Astrid M. L. and Schneider, Oliver and Drewing, Knut and Pacchierotti, Claudio and Abbasimoshaei, Alireza and Huisman, Gijs and Kern, Thorsten A. (Eds.)
Publisher: Springer International Publishing:
Address: Cham
ISBN: 978-3-031-06249-0
how published:



Abstract: Collaborative robotic needle insertions have the potential to improve placement accuracy and safety, e.g., during epidural anesthesia. Epidural anesthesia provides effective regional pain management but can lead to serious complications, such as nerve injury or cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Robotic assistance might prevent inadvertent puncture by providing haptic feedback to the physician. Haptic feedback can be realized on the basis of force measurements at the needle. However, contact should be avoided for delicate structures. We propose a proximity-based method to provide feedback prior to contact. We measure the distance to boundary layers, visualize the proximity for the operator and further feedback it as a haptic resistance. We compare our approach to haptic feedback based on needle forces and visual feedback without haptics. Participants are asked to realize needle insertions with each of the three feedback modes. We use phantoms that mimic the structures punctured during epidural anesthesia. We show that visual feedback improves needle placement, but only proximity-based haptic feedback reduces accidental puncture. The puncture rate is 62{\%} for force-based haptic feedback, 60{\%} for visual feedback and 6{\%} for proximity-based haptic feedback. Final needle placement inside the epidural space is achieved in 38{\%}, 70{\%} and 96{\%} for force-based haptic, visual and proximity-based haptic feedback, respectively. Our results suggest that proximity-based haptic feedback could improve needle placement safety in the context of epidural anesthesia.

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