Prof. Dr.-Ing. Tobias Knopp

Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE)
Sektion für Biomedizinische Bildgebung
Lottestraße 55
2ter Stock, Raum 209
22529 Hamburg
- Postanschrift -

Technische Universität Hamburg (TUHH)
Institut für Biomedizinische Bildgebung
Gebäude E, Raum 4.044
Am Schwarzenberg-Campus 3
21073 Hamburg

Tel.: 040 / 7410 56794
Fax: 040 / 7410 45811
E-Mail: t.knopp(at)
E-Mail: tobias.knopp(at)



  • Head of the Institute for Biomedical Imaging
  • Editor-in-chief of the International Journal on Magnetic Particle Imaging (IJMPI)

Consulting Hours

  • On appointment

Research Interests

  • Tomographic Imaging
  • Image Reconstruction
  • Signal- and Image Processing
  • Magnetic Particle Imaging

Curriculum Vitae

Tobias Knopp received his Diplom degree in computer science in 2007 and his PhD in 2010, both from the University of Lübeck with highest distinction. For his PHD on the tomographic imaging method Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) he was awarded with the Klee award from the DGBMT (VDE) in 2011. From 2010 until 2011 he led the MAPIT project at the University of Lübeck and published the first scientific book on MPI. In 2011 he joined Bruker Biospin to work on the first commercially available MPI system. From 2012 until 2014 he worked at Thorlabs in the field of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) as a software developer. In 2014 he has been appointed as Professor for experimental Biomedical Imaging at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and the Hamburg University of Technology.


Title: Fat Quantification in Dual-Layer Detector Spectral Computed Tomography: Experimental Development and First In-Patient Validation.
Written by: I. Molwitz, G. M. Campbell, J. Yamamura, T. Knopp, K. Toedter, R. Fischer, Z. J. Wang, A. Busch, A.-K. Ozga, S. Zhang, T. Lindner, F. Sevecke, M. Grosser, G. Adam, and P. Szwargulski
in: <em>Investigative Radiology</em>. July (2022).
Volume: <strong>57</strong>. Number: (7),
on pages: 463-469
how published:
DOI: 10.1097/RLI.0000000000000858
PMID: 35148536

[www] [pmid]

Note: article, Published Ahead-of-Print

Abstract: Objectives: Fat quantification by dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) provides contrast-independent objective results, for example, on hepatic steatosis or muscle quality as parameters of prognostic relevance. To date, fat quantification has only been developed and used for source-based DECT techniques as fast kVp-switching CT or dual-source CT, which require a prospective selection of the dual-energy imaging mode.It was the purpose of this study to develop a material decomposition algorithm for fat quantification in phantoms and validate it in vivo for patient liver and skeletal muscle using a dual-layer detector-based spectral CT (dlsCT), which automatically generates spectral information with every scan. Materials and methods: For this feasibility study, phantoms were created with 0%, 5%, 10%, 25%, and 40% fat and 0, 4.9, and 7.0 mg/mL iodine, respectively. Phantom scans were performed with the IQon spectral CT (Philips, the Netherlands) at 120 kV and 140 kV and 3 T magnetic resonance (MR) (Philips, the Netherlands) chemical-shift relaxometry (MRR) and MR spectroscopy (MRS). Based on maps of the photoelectric effect and Compton scattering, 3-material decomposition was done for fat, iodine, and phantom material in the image space.After written consent, 10 patients (mean age, 55 ± 18 years; 6 men) in need of a CT staging were prospectively included. All patients received contrast-enhanced abdominal dlsCT scans at 120 kV and MR imaging scans for MRR. As reference tissue for the liver and the skeletal muscle, retrospectively available non-contrast-enhanced spectral CT data sets were used. Agreement between dlsCT and MR was evaluated for the phantoms, 3 hepatic and 2 muscular regions of interest per patient by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland-Altman analyses. Results: The ICC was excellent in the phantoms for both 120 kV and 140 kV (dlsCT vs MRR 0.98 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.94-0.99]; dlsCT vs MRS 0.96 [95% CI, 0.87-0.99]) and in the skeletal muscle (0.96 [95% CI, 0.89-0.98]). For log-transformed liver fat values, the ICC was moderate (0.75 [95% CI, 0.48-0.88]). Bland-Altman analysis yielded a mean difference of -0.7% (95% CI, -4.5 to 3.1) for the liver and of 0.5% (95% CI, -4.3 to 5.3) for the skeletal muscle. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement were excellent (>0.9). Conclusions: Fat quantification was developed for dlsCT and agreement with MR techniques demonstrated for patient liver and muscle. Hepatic steatosis and myosteatosis can be detected in dlsCT scans from clinical routine, which retrospectively provide spectral information independent of the imaging mode.