Publications on WCET-Aware Compilation
|Title: Predicting Worst-Case Execution Times During Multi-Criterial Function Inlining. <em>In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Machine Learning, Optimization, and Data Science (LOD)</em>|
|Written by: Kateryna Muts and Heiko Falk|
|in: October (2021).|
|how published: 21-75 MF21a LOD|
Note: kmuts, hfalk, multiopt, ESD, WCC
Abstract: In the domain of hard real-time systems, the Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET) is one of the most important design criteria. Safely and accurately estimating the WCET during a static WCET analysis is computationally demanding because of the involved data flow, control flow, and microarchitecture analyses. This becomes critical in the field of multi-criterial compiler optimizations that trade the WCET with other design objectives. Evolutionary algorithms are typically exploited to solve a multi-objective optimization problem, but they require an extensive evaluation of the objectives to explore the search space of the problem. This paper proposes a method that utilizes machine learning to build a surrogate model in order to quickly predict the WCET instead of costly estimating it using static WCET analysis. We build a prediction model that is independent of the source code and assembly code features, so a compiler can utilize it to perform any compiler-based optimization. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our model on multi-criterial function inlining, where we aim to explore trade-offs between the WCET, code size, and energy consumption at compile time.