Generation and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems (E = Mp2)

Fact Sheet

AcronymE = Mp2
NameGeneration and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems
(in German: Generierung und Optimierung von Echtzeitfähigem Code für Eingebettete Multiprozess- und Multiprozessor-Systeme)
Role of TUHHApplicant
Start Date01/02/2012
End Date30/09/2017
Funds DonorDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)


During the design of safety-critical real-time systems like, e.g., airbag or flight attitude controllers, their behavior is specified at a high abstraction level. Compilers are an indispensible tool on the way from such a model-based specification to an actual implementation. For singlecore and singleprocess systems, compilers have recently been extended to support real-time properties already during compilation. For multiprocess and multiprocessor systems, compilers currently lack such a support despite of the increasing relevance of such parallel systems.

E = Mp2 aims to provide a software development environment for multiprocess and multiprocessor systems which produces efficient and optimized program code that provably meets real-time constraints. For this purpose, it has to be clarified how compiler and scheduler of an operating system need to cooperate. In addition, novel timing models supporting response times of processes and schedulability of entire systems need to be developed. Based on these timing models, novel compiler optimizations targeting on worst-case timing aspects and schedulability are designed.

In multiprocess systems, tasks can preempt each other and thus interfere. E = Mp2 develops compiler optimizations considering such context switches and scheduling strategies. In multiprocessor systems, different cores can access shared resources (e.g., buses or memories) at the same time and thus can cause additional interference. Therefore, this project works on compiler optimizations minimizing the worst-case timing of such systems by considering accesses to shared resources.

E = Mp2 Publications of the Embedded Systems Design Group

Title: Practical Challenges of ILP-based SPM Allocation Optimizations. <em>In Proceedings of the 19th International Workshop on Software & Compilers for Embedded Systems (SCOPES)</em>
Written by: Dominic Oehlert, Arno Luppold and Heiko Falk
in: May (2016).
Volume: Number:
on pages: 86-89
Series: 20160524-scopes-oehlert.pdf
Address: St. Goar / Germany
ISBN: 10.1145/2906363.2906371
how published: 16-70 OLK16 SCOPES

Note: doehlert, aluppold, hfalk, ESD, emp2, tacle, WCC

Abstract: Scratchpad Memory (SPM) allocation is a well-known technique for compiler-based code optimizations. Integer-Linear Programming has been proven to be a powerful technique to determine which parts of a program should be moved to the SPM. Although the idea is quite straight-forward in theory, the technique features several challenges when being applied to modern embedded systems. In this paper, we aim to bring out the main issues and possible solutions which arise when trying to apply those optimizations to existing hardware platforms.