Generation and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems (E = Mp2)

Fact Sheet

AcronymE = Mp2
NameGeneration and Optimization of Real-Time Code for Embedded Multiprocess and Multiprocessor Systems
(in German: Generierung und Optimierung von Echtzeitfähigem Code für Eingebettete Multiprozess- und Multiprozessor-Systeme)
Role of TUHHApplicant
Start Date01/02/2012
End Date30/09/2017
Funds DonorDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)


During the design of safety-critical real-time systems like, e.g., airbag or flight attitude controllers, their behavior is specified at a high abstraction level. Compilers are an indispensible tool on the way from such a model-based specification to an actual implementation. For singlecore and singleprocess systems, compilers have recently been extended to support real-time properties already during compilation. For multiprocess and multiprocessor systems, compilers currently lack such a support despite of the increasing relevance of such parallel systems.

E = Mp2 aims to provide a software development environment for multiprocess and multiprocessor systems which produces efficient and optimized program code that provably meets real-time constraints. For this purpose, it has to be clarified how compiler and scheduler of an operating system need to cooperate. In addition, novel timing models supporting response times of processes and schedulability of entire systems need to be developed. Based on these timing models, novel compiler optimizations targeting on worst-case timing aspects and schedulability are designed.

In multiprocess systems, tasks can preempt each other and thus interfere. E = Mp2 develops compiler optimizations considering such context switches and scheduling strategies. In multiprocessor systems, different cores can access shared resources (e.g., buses or memories) at the same time and thus can cause additional interference. Therefore, this project works on compiler optimizations minimizing the worst-case timing of such systems by considering accesses to shared resources.

E = Mp2 Publications of the Embedded Systems Design Group

Title: Compilation for Real-Time Systems a Decade After PREDATOR. <em>A Journey of Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems</em>
Written by: Heiko Falk, Shashank Jadhav, Arno Luppold, Kateryna Muts, Dominic Oehlert, Nina Piontek and Mikko Roth
in: August (2020).
Volume: Number:
on pages: 151-169
Editor: In J.-J. Chen (Eds.)
Publisher: Springer:
Series: 20200828-predator-springer.pdf
ISBN: 10.1007/978-3-030-47487-4_10
how published: 20-80 FJL+20 Springer

Note: hfalk, sjadhav, aluppold, kmuts, doehlert, npiontek, mroth, ESD, emp2, multiopt, teamplay, WCC

Abstract: On the occasion of Peter Marwedel's 70th anniversary, this article provides a survey over a decade of research in the field of compiler techniques for real-time systems. Ten years ago, during the EU-funded project PREDATOR, it was him who led the work package on compilers. As will be shown in this survey, the work done in this domain had such a fundamental character that it laid the ground for follow-up research that lasts since the end of PREDATOR until today. This article particularly emphasizes results achieved in the challenging areas of scheduling-aware optimization of multi-task systems, of analysis and optimization of Multi-Processor Systems on Chip, and of predictable multi-objective optimizations.