**Operator Approximation by Neural Networks**

Janek Gödeke, University of Bremen

Abstract:

Learning an operator between function spaces by neural networks is desirable, for example, in the field of partial differential equations (PDEs). For instance, learning parameter-to-state maps that map the parameter function of a PDE to the corresponding solution. During the last five years, several Deep Learning concepts arised, such as Deep Operator Networks, (Fourier) Neural Operators, or operator approximation based on Principal Component Analysis.

These approaches, particularly the architectures of the involved neural networks, are inspired from universal approximation theorems, which state that many operators can be approximated arbitrarily well by sufficiently large networks of these types. Although universal approximation theorems cannot be used to fully explain the success of neural networks, their investigation has led to powerful Deep Learning approaches. Furthermore, they reveal that certain network architectures may add some beneficial induced bias to operator learning tasks.

In my talk I will give an overview of the state-of-the-art of such operator approximation theorems. I will discuss general concepts and questions that have not been answered yet.

**The Role of the Robotic Body in Learning Agile & Accurate Control**

Dieter Büchler, Max Plank Institute for Intelligent Systems

Abstract:

Despite decades of robotics research, current robots still struggle to acquire general and flexible dynamic skills on a human level. Tasks, such as table tennis, represent this set of dynamic problems that appear easy to learn for humans but pose a steep challenge for anthropomorphic robots. In this talk, I will argue that the robotic body plays a crucial role in the generation of such skills. In particular, muscular actuation (i) enables robust long-term training, such as is required with reinforcement learning, and (ii) fail-safe execution of explosive motions that allow robots to safely explore dynamic regimes. Stay tuned for table tennis playing, ball smashing, and precisely controlled soft muscular robots.

**Pattern formation and critical regimes during social and epidemic dynamics**

Mikhail Prokopenko, University of Sydney

Abstract:

We will discuss pattern formation and critical regimes during spatial contagions of four different types: epidemics, opinion polarisation, social myths, and social unrest. The presented model combines Maximum Entropy principle with Lotka-Volterra dynamics, and the results are analysed using methods of percolation theory. The identified critical regimes separate distinct phases, implying that small changes in individual risk perception could lead to abrupt changes in the spatial morphology of the epidemic/social phenomena.

**Random walks on networks (toward information geometry)**

Giulia Bertagnolli, University of Trento

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 16:15

Abstract

Complex physical and social systems find a handy representation in terms of graphs, which, in this context, are called complex networks. Entities in these systems naturally “communicate”, or exchange “information”, e.g., a group of people interacting via email or sharing links, liking posts, and following each other on social platforms, exchange information as part of their social life. Neurons, connected by synapses and fibre bundles, exchange of neuro-physiological signals, enabling cognition. In fish schools, aggregations of fish, who come together in an interactive, social way, the (possibly passive) communication between fish allows them to act as a super-system. All complex systems show some emergent behaviour that cannot be ascribed to the actions and behaviour of their individual components. This emergent behaviour is a function of both the interaction patterns, i.e. the links in the graph, and the communication strategy, which can be modelled as a dynamical process on the network. In this talk, we will see, firstly, how Markovian random walks on networks model diffusion dynamics in the complex system and why this approach is useful in network science. Then, we will see an example of non-Markovian random walk, which mimics the run-and-tumble motion of bacteria. Eventually, it should become clear how this led me here, trying to learn information geometry.

**Compositional planning by making memories of the future**

Jabob J. W. Bakermans (University of Oxford)

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 15:00

Abstract:

Hippocampus is critical for memory, imagination, and constructive reasoning. However, recent models have suggested that its neuronal responses can be well explained by state-spaces that model the transitions between experiences. How do we reconcile these two views? I’ll show that if state-spaces are constructed compositionally from existing primitives, hippocampal responses can be interpreted as compositional memories, binding these primitives together. Critically, this enables agents to behave optimally in novel environments with no new learning, inferring behaviour directly from the composition. This provides natural interpretations of generalisation and latent learning. Hippocampal replay can build and consolidate these compositional memories, but importantly, due to their compositional nature, it can construct states it has never experienced – effectively building memories of the future. This enables new predictions of optimal replays for novel environments, or after structural changes.

**An information geometric and optimal transport framework for Gaussian processes**

Minh Ha Quang, RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP)

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 15:00

Abstract:

Information geometry (IG) and Optimal transport (OT) have been attracting much research attention in various fields, in particular machine learning and statistics. In this talk, we present results on the generalization of IG and OT distances for finite-dimensional Gaussian measures to the setting of infinite-dimensional Gaussian measures and Gaussian processes. Our focus is on the Entropic Regularization of the 2-Wasserstein distance and the generalization of the Fisher-Rao distance and related quantities. In both settings, regularization leads to many desirable theoretical properties, including in particular dimension-independent convergence and sample complexity. The mathematical formulation involves the interplay of IG and OT with Gaussian processes and the methodology of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS). All of the presented formulations admit closed form expressions that can be efficiently computed and applied practically. The theoretical formulations will be illustrated with numerical experiments on Gaussian processes.

**Events – Learning Latent Codes for Hierarchical Prediction and Generalization**

Christian Gumbsch, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems and University of Tübingen

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 15:00

**Die Klugheit der Dinge**

Nihat Ay, Hamburg University of Technology

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 15:00

More info: Stud.IP

**Uncertainty and Stochasticity of Optimal Policies**

Johannes Rauh, MPI for Mathematics in the Sciences, Leipzig and Federal Institute for Quality and Transparency in Healthcare, Berlin

Location: Blohmstraße 15 (HIP One), 5th Floor, Room 5.002

Time: 9:30

Abstract

We are interested in optimal action selection mechanisms, policies, that maximize an expected long term reward. Our main model are POMDPs (Partially Observed Markov Decision Problems). While the optimal policy can be stochastic in the general case, we find conditions under which the optimal policy is deterministic, at least for some observations, or under which the stochasticity can be bounded. This talk presents joint work with Guido Montúfar and Nihat Ay.

**Information Geometry for Deep Learning **(Seminar within the Machine Learning in Engineering initiative MLE@TUHH)

Nihat Ay, Hamburg University of Technology

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Representation and Learning in Graph Neural Networks**

Stefanie Jegelka, Machine Learning Group at MIT, USA

19.03.2021, 16:00 Uhr

The seminar is cancelled.

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Understanding Gradient Descent for Over-parameterized Deep Neural Networks**

Marco Mondelli, IST Austria

04.08.2020, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Kalman-Wasserstein Gradient Flows**

Franca Hoffmann, California Institute of Technology

20.07.2020, 17:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Extending Integrated Information Theories for Cognitive Systems**

Xerxes Arsiwalla, Pompeu Fabra University Barcelona, Spain

04.02.2020, 11:00 Uhr

Chalk Talk – Mathematics of Data Seminar : **What’s next for machine learning? Some thoughts toward a unified theory of supervised inference.**

Mikhail Belkin, The Ohio State University, USA

10.12.2019, 16:45 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **The geometry of neural networks**

Kathlén Kohn, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

14.11.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Lower Bounds on Complexity of Shallow Networks**

Věra Kůrková, Institute of Computer Science, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

23.10.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Supervised learning and sampling error of integral norms in function classes**

Vladimir Temlyakov, University of South Carolina

18.09.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **A Mathematical trip into the Data Science realm**

Lamiae Azizi, The University of Sydney

16.07.2019, 11:00 Uhr

This seminar is cancelled.

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **The use of geometry to learn from data, and the learning of geometry from data.**

Nicolas Garcia Trillos, Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

28.05.2019, 11:15 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Computational Optimal Transport for Data Sciences**

Gabriel Peyré, CNRS and Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France

10.04.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar :** Compressed Sensing – From Theory To Practice**

Stefania Petra, Universität Heidelberg

07.03.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Blind deconvolution with randomness – convex geometry and algorithmic approaches**

Felix Krahmer, Technische Universität München

14.02.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **A geometric structure underlying stock correlations**

Nils Bertschinger, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany

28.01.2019, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Convergence rates for mean field stochastic gradient descent algorithms**

Benjamin Fehrmann, University of Oxford

08.11.2018, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar :** Topics in Deterministic and Stochastic Dynamical Systems on Wasserstein Space**

Max von Renesse, Universität Leipzig

27.09.2018, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Statistical estimation under group actions: The Sample Complexity of Multi-Reference Alignment**

Afonso Bandeira, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York

14.08.2018, 16:30 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Learning laws of stochastic processes**

Harald Oberhauser, University of Oxford

11.07.2018, 15:30 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Structured Tensors and the Geometry of Data**

Anna Seigal, University of California, Berkeley

18.06.2018, 15:30 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Quantifying Morphological Computation**

Keyan Ghazi-Zahedi, MPI MIS, Leipzig

14.05.2018, 14:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **Max-linear Bayesian networks**

Steffen Lauritzen, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

02.05.2018, 11:00 Uhr

Mathematics of Data Seminar : **The statistical foundations of learning to control**

Benjamin Recht, University of California, Berkeley

24.04.2018, 15:30 Uhr

Information Geometry Seminar : **Quantum Information Geometry and Boltzmann Machines**

Dimitri Marinelli, Romanian Institute of Science and Technology (RIST), Romania

22.03.2018, 14:00 Uhr

LikBez Seminar : **Causal Inference II**

Nihat Ay, MPI MIS, Leipzig

08.01.2018, 14:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Continuum limits of tree-valued Markov chains and algebraic measure trees**

Wolfgang Löhr, TU Chemnitz

04.12.2017, 11:00 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Modeling of Networked Embodied Cognitive Processes**

Fabio Bonsignorio, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy

27.11.2017, 14:00 Uhr

Information Geometry Seminar : **Statistical Manifold and Entropy-Based Inference**

Jun Zhang, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, USA

10.11.2017, 11:45 Uhr

Information Geometry Seminar : **From Natural Gradient to Riemannian Hessian: Second-order Optimization over Statistical Manifolds**

Luigi Malagò, Romanian Institute of Science and Technology (RIST), Romania

16.10.2017, 14:00 Uhr

Information Geometry Seminar : **Hamilton-Jacobi approach to Potential Functions in Information Geometry**

Domenico Felice, University of Camerino, Italy

10.05.2017, 14:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Polyquantoids and quantoids: quantum counteparts of polymatroids and matroids**

František Matúš, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

25.11.2016, 15:30 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **On Information and the Drivers of Cognition**

Daniel Polani, University of Hertfortshire, United Kingdom

28.06.2016, 15:30 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Minimum-Information Planning in Partially-Observable Decision Problems**

Roy Fox, School of Computer Science and Engineering, Hebrew University, Israel

10.05.2016, 11:00 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Musculo-Skeletal Models of Human Movement: Tools to Quantify Embodiment**

Daniel Häufle, Stuttgart Research Center for Simulation Technology, University of Stuttgart, Germany

30.03.2016, 11:00 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Musculo-Skeletal Models of Human Movement: Tools to Quantify Embodiment**

Daniel Häufle, Stuttgart Research Center for Simulation Technology, University of Stuttgart, Germany

21.01.2016, 11:00 Uhr

This talk is canceled!

Arbeitsgemeinschaft NEURONALE NETZE UND KOGNITIVE SYSTEME : **Toward a Quantum Theory of Cognition: History, Development and Perspectives**

Tomas Veloz, University of British Columbia, Canada

09.11.2015, 14:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **On asymptotic optimality of ML-type detectors in quantum hypothesis testing**

Sajad Saeedinaeeni, Universität Leipzig

08.04.2015, 14:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Information-Theoretic Cheeger Inequalities**

Peter Gmeiner, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

17.03.2015, 14:00 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Intelligent motility control of biological swimmers**

Benjamin Friedrich, Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme, Dresden

10.03.2015, 11:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Quantum information geometry as a foundation for quantum theory beyond quantum mechanics**

Ryszard Kostecki, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Canada

18.02.2015, 14:00 Uhr

Seminar on Theory of Embodied Intelligence : **Towards an Alchemy of Intelligence**

Oliver Brock, Technische Universität Berlin, Robotics and Biology Laboratory

19.01.2015, 11:00 Uhr

Special Seminar : **Algebraic Problems Related to Entropy Regions**

František Matúš, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Information Theory and Automation

15.01.2015, 10:30 Uhr