|Title: Bimodal intravascular volumetric imaging combining OCT and MPI|
|Written by: S. Latus and F. Griese and M. Schlüter and C. Otte and M. Möddel and M. Graeser and T. Saathoff and T. Knopp and A. Schlaefer|
|in: Medical Physics 2019|
|Volume: 46 Number: 3|
|on pages: 1371-1383|
Abstract: Purpose Intravascular optical coherence tomography (IVOCT) is a catheter-based image modality allowing for high-resolution imaging of vessels. It is based on a fast sequential acquisition of A-scans with an axial spatial resolution in the range of 5-10 µm, that is, one order of magnitude higher than in conventional methods like intravascular ultrasound or computed tomography angiography. However, position and orientation of the catheter in patient coordinates cannot be obtained from the IVOCT measurements alone. Hence, the pose of the catheter needs to be established to correctly reconstruct the three-dimensional vessel shape. Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) is a three-dimensional tomographic, tracer-based, and radiation-free image modality providing high temporal resolution with unlimited penetration depth. Volumetric MPI images are angiographic and hence suitable to complement IVOCT as a comodality. We study simultaneous bimodal IVOCT MPI imaging with the goal of estimating the IVOCT pullback path based on the 3D MPI data. Methods We present a setup to study and evaluate simultaneous IVOCT and MPI image acquisition of differently shaped vessel phantoms. First, the influence of the MPI tracer concentration on the optical properties required for IVOCT is analyzed. Second, using a concentration allowing for simultaneous imaging, IVOCT and MPI image data are acquired sequentially and simultaneously. Third, the luminal centerline is established from the MPI image volumes and used to estimate the catheter pullback trajectory for IVOCT image reconstruction. The image volumes are compared to the known shape of the phantoms. Results We were able to identify a suitable MPI tracer concentration of 2.5 mmol/L with negligible influence on the IVOCT signal. The pullback trajectory estimated from MPI agrees well with the centerline of the phantoms. Its mean absolute error ranges from 0.27 to 0.28 mm and from 0.25 mm to 0.28 mm for sequential and simultaneous measurements, respectively. Likewise, reconstructing the shape of the vessel phantoms works well with mean absolute errors for the diameter ranging from 0.11 to 0.21 mm and from 0.06 to 0.14 mm for sequential and simultaneous measurements, respectively. Conclusions Magnetic particle imaging can be used in combination with IVOCT to estimate the catheter trajectory and the vessel shape with high precision and without ionizing radiation.