|Title: Unsupervised Anomaly Detection in 3D Brain MRI Using Deep Learning with Impured Training Data. <em>2022 IEEE 19th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI)</em>|
|Written by: F. Behrendt and M. Bengs and F. Rogge and J. Krüger and R. Opfer and A. Schlaefer|
|on pages: 1-4|
Abstract: The detection of lesions in magnetic resonance imaging MRI-scans of human brains remains challenging, timeconsuming and error-prone. Recently, unsupervised anomaly detection UAD methods have shown promising results for this task. These methods rely on training data sets that solely contain healthy samples. Compared to supervised approaches, this significantly reduces the need for an extensive amount of labeled training data. However, data labelling remains error-prone. We study how unhealthy samples within the training data affect anomaly detection performance for brain MRI-scans. For our evaluations, we consider autoencoders AE as a well-established baseline method for UAD. We systematically evaluate the effect of impured training data by injecting different quantities of unhealthy samples to our training set of healthy samples. We evaluate a method to identify falsely labeled samples directly during training based on the reconstruction error of the AE. Our results show that training with impured data decreases the UAD performance notably even with few falsely labeled samples. By performing outlier removal directly during training based on the reconstruction-loss, we demonstrate that falsely labeled data can be detected and that this mitigates the effect of falsely labeled data.