|Title: Generation of Dean vortices and enhancement of oxygen transfer rates in membrane contactors for different hollow fiber geometries|
|Written by: Kaufhold, D.; Kopf, F.; Wolff, C.; Beutel, S.; Hilterhaus, L.; Hoffmann, M.; Scheper, T.; Schlüter, M.; Liese, A.|
|in: Journal of Membrane Science December 2013|
|Volume: 423-424 Number:|
|on pages: 342-347|
Abstract: This work aimed to study the enhancement of oxygen transfer rates in hollow fiber membrane contactors by applying Dean vortices. Systematic investigations of how the geometric parameters, like curve diameter, helical pitch or geometric shape, and flow rates affect the mass transport were done to assess the potential for membrane contactors. The membrane was a hydrophobic microfiltration hollow fiber (polypropylene). Helical, meander and twisted formed hollow fibers with fiber lengths from 5 to 30 cm and curvature diameters between 5 and 19 mm were constructed. The oxygen transfer rates per membrane area were investigated. The curved hollow fibers show a linear dependence between Dean number and enhancement factor and an increase of transfer rates up to an enhancement factor of 2.4. For the meander shaped fibers a critical Dean number/range between 10–20 was found, where the mass transport enhancement is adjusted rapidly to those of helical hollow fibers. Also the mass transfer in packed membrane modules was investigated, taking into account the theoretical packing densities of the different fiber geometries. It was found that a volumetric enhancement of gas transfer rates for helical and meander formed fibers can only be improved applying very small curvature diameters less than 4 mm.