Dr. Julen Castillo Apraiz

Visiting Guest Researcher (2014 - present)

Lecturer in Management at the University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU in Bilbao (Spain), Faculty of Economics and Business Studies (Financial Economic II Department)

Contact: julen.castillo(at)ehu.eus


Short description:

Julen Castillo Apraiz graduated with a PhD from the University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU with an international doctorate mention. Amongst other research stays, he has recently been a visiting researcher at the Department of Marketing and Management at the University of Southern Denmark (SDU) and is regularly visiting the Institute of Human Resource Management and Organizations (HRMO) at the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH). He is a board member of the Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, a member of the Effectiveness of Responsibility Teaching (EFFORT) Erasmus+ project, and a member of the scientific advisory committe of PLS2020 conference, among others.

He has been a reviewer for the European Management Journal, Special Issue 2015: European Management Research Using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) and the Journal of Business Research, Special Issue 2015: Prediction-Oriented Modeling in Business Research by Means of Partial Least Squares Path Modeling.

Fields of Research

  • Strategic Management
  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability
  • New Teaching Methods
  • PLS Path Modeling Methods

Latest Publications


Arzubiaga, U., Castillo-Apraiz, J, & Palma-Ruiz, J. M. (2020, in press). Organizational Learning as a Mediator in the Host-Home Country Similarity-International Firm Performance Link: The Role of Exploration and Exploitation, European Business Review. doi: 10.1108/EBR-09-2019-0238

Castillo-Apraiz, J., De Palma, M., & Arzubiaga, U. (2020). Is the Impact of Sustainability Exploration on Firm Economic Return so Obvious? The Case of Internationalized Spanish Firms Operating in High-Tech and Low-Tech Industries. In Sustainable Innovation: Advocating and Organizing Enterprises Consciously. Routledge.

Castillo-Apraiz, J. & Matey de Antonio, J. (2020). Customizing Competitive Strategy to Entry Timing: Implications for Firm Performance in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Managerial and Decision Economics, 41(6), 976-985. doi: 10.1002/mde.3152

Castillo-Apraiz, J. & Matey de Antonio, J. (2020). The Mediating Role of Personnel Training between Innovation and Performance: Evidence from the German Pharmaceutical Industry. Cuadernos de Gestión. doi: 10.5295/cdg.180990jc

Castillo-Apraiz, J., Richter, N. F., Matey de Antonio, J., & Gudergan, S. (2020, in press). The Role of Competitive Strategy in the Performance Impact of Exploitation and Exploration Quality Management Practices. European Business Review. doi: 10.1108/EBR-09-2019-0182

Palma-Ruiz, J. M., Castillo-Apraiz, J., Gómez Martínez, R. (2020). Socially Responsible Investing as a Competitive Strategy for Trading Companies in Times of Upheaval Amid COVID-19: Evidence from Spain. International Journal of Financial Studies, 8(3), 41. doi: 10.3390/ijfs8030041


Arzubiaga, U., Castillo-Apraiz, J., & De Palma, M. (2019). Competitive Advantage Development in Family Firms by Transforming Entrepreneurial Orientation into CSR: Evidence from Spain. In Saiz-Álvarez, J. M. & Palma-Ruiz, J. M. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Leadership and Competitive Strategy in Family Business (pp. 112-128). Hershey: IGI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8012-6

Castillo-Apraiz, J., Arzubiaga, U., & De Palma, M. (2019). Is Being Conservative at Home Whilst Taking Risks Abroad a Suitable Competitive Strategy? The Case of Spanish Family Firms Internationalizing to Mexico. In Saiz-Alvarez, J. M., Leitao, J., & Palma-Ruiz, J. M. (Eds.). Entrepreneurship and Family Business Vitality, Surviving and Flourishing in the Long Term (pp. 257-268). Heidelberg: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-15526-1

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., Sarstedt. M., Castillo Apraiz, J., Cepeda, G., Roldán, J. L. (2019). Manual de Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM), Terrasa: Omnia Science. doi: 10.3926/oss.37


Castillo-Apraiz, J. & Matey de Antonio, J. (2018). Does Quality Pay in the Pharmaceutical Industry? The Mediating Role of Training of Personnel between Quality Management and Performance. Revista de Direccion y Administración de Empresas, 25, 1-16. 

Excerpt: Presentations at Conferences

Frömbling, L., Ehrlich, J., & Castillo Apraiz, J. (2020). Der Einfluss von Arbeitsplatzdimensionen auf die Kündigungsabsicht. Presentation at the 24. Fachtagung der GWPs (Gesellschaft für angewandte Wirtschaftspsychologie e. V.), Stuttgart, Germany.

Castillo Apraiz, J. (2015). Presentation at the 2nd International Symposium on Partial Least Squares Path Modelling - The Conference for PLS Users, Sevilla, Spain.

Castillo Apraiz, J. (2013). Presentation at AEDEM International 2013, Aalen, Germany: Best Paper Award.