Lehrveranstaltungen am Institut

Lecture: Health, Safety and Environmental Management
Untertitel: Module: Environmental Protection and Management
DozentIn: Dipl.-Ing. Hans-Joachim Nau, M. Sc Marcel Hasselder
Veranstaltungstyp: Vorlesung (Lehre)
Beschreibung: “EH&S Management”-Lecture line out WiSe 18-19
• LECTURE, EXERCISES AND EXCURSION at the 12. Lecture day in Jan 2019 to Chemical Park Stade to Dow, Trinseo and Olin.
Content of line out:
1. Introduction to EH&S and the Overall Technical-, Organizational- and Personal (TOP) Accident and Incidents Prevention Concept.
2. “Personal” area in EH&S- the Antecedents, Behavior, Consequence-Model of leading and learning and the Basics of human behavior.
3. The „Organizational“Area in „TOP” for achieving top EH&S Performance.
4. The “Technology” Area in TOP- for achieving top EH&S Performance

1. Introduction to EH&S
1.1 TOP- Concept and Management Systems in the Chemical Engineering Process Steps:
From Lab-, Pilot scale, Purchasing, Process-Eng., Detailed-Eng., Construction, Commissioning, Operation, Maintenance and to Logistics.
1.2 Technical Measures & Tools for design or purchasing of safe equipment
1.3 Organizational Measures & Tools for organization and methods for achieving top EH&S Performance
1.4 Personal Measures & Tool for procedures development, employee training and procedure use.
1.5 Global Learning Experience Reports and case study at a Refinery in Flixborough, England
1.6 Failures of the Management System at a Refinery in Flixborough, England (on YouTube) in the TOP system
1.7 Management of Change (MOC) process steps, procedures and checklists

2. “P” in EH&S- The ABC-Model and human behavior
2.1 Safety Triangle and Iceberg Theory for Personal Safety and Loss Prevention Management
2.2 General Safety Concepts to protect Persons against Hazards
2.3 Antecedents-Behaviors-Consequences Model, Documentation of antecedents, type of Behaviors, type of Consequences, Impact of consequences
2.4 Main Accident cause distribution in the areas of TOP
2.5 EH&S culture, unsafe act reporting, potential severe incidents, minor injuries, severe injuries, fatalities measurements of is-situation.
2.6 Root cause and corrective Actions work processes, accident prevention model- called “Swiss cheese” model
2.7 Self-Assessments, Delegation of Authority, Corrective and Preventive Action process (CAPA)
2.7 On-site safety interventions- dialog & talks in an organization
2.8 Reason for unsafe acts and tasks to motivate and train
2.9 Advantages of desired behavior- from repetitive behavior to a habit
2.10 Disadvantages of undesired will avoid undesired behavior
2.11 Strategy of creating a safety culture, leader behavior
2.12 Supporting document and procedure structure in a self-learning organization
2.13 Pillars of Legal Regulation as example: the German Code (criminal, civil and labor law) system
2.14 Justification of EH&S Activities, organizational needs
2.15 Operating Discipline MANAGEMENT System (ODMS policy, table of ODMS Elements,
As Is-documentation in an Electronic DOCUMENT Management System (EDMS), software documents storage, hard copy- physical archive, and purpose, functionality and employees roles
2.16 Audit Management process in an organization  
3. The „O“in „TOP“
3.1 Introduction to the Oil Platform “Piper Alpha”- Case Study (on YouTube)
3.2 Review “Piper Alpha” Film Sequence of events”
3.3 Group work on the Root Cause Analysis (RCA) of the event
3.4 Model of a self-learning organization, organizational structure and work flow
3.5 The Root Cause Methodology, 4 Tenets: “Swiss cheese”, team set up, problem definition, layers of protection, right solution, “Deming Cycle”- Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle (PDCA) of Total Quality Management (TQM)
3.6 The „Swizz Cheese Model“ and EH&S methodologies
in Strategy/ Management- Level,
in Tactical/ Organizational Level and
in Operational Level/ „Sharp End“
3.7 Root Cause Investigation (RCI), a Process from incident description to cause documentation
3.8 RCA Fundamental Charting Components: Primary Effect, Caused by, Action Cause /Condition- Cause, evidence, cause for path ending, reporting, team approach,
3.8.1 “Swiss Cheese Model” Content
3.8.1.1 Strategy: How do we link that all together in an organization?
Business Strategy, Technology Reviews, Management System Review (MSR), Purchasing Reviews
3.8.1.2 System: Policy/ Program/ Procedures, Responsibilities, Authorizations, Training/ Experience, Measures of Protection, Documentation, Verification/ Audits
What is needed to establish a safe & effective relation between human and machine?
Safe Work Permit (SWP), Line and Equipment Opening (LEO), Procedure Use Policy (PUP), Training, Management Of Change (MOC), Hard Ware (HW)
How to assure equipment is designed and maintained correctly?
Maintenance Processes Reliability Processes, Operation Equipment Processes, Management Of Change (MOC), Audits
Most Effective Technology (MET), Electronic Most Effective Technology Library, Project Methodology, Shift Logbook/ Task List, Supplier Agreements, Contractor Agreements
3.8.1.3 Sharp End: Humans- Machines
Training, Antecedents-Behavior-Consequence Model (ABC), Balance of Consequences (BOC), Procedures,
Management Of Change (MOC), Maintenance Procedures
3.9 Fishbone diagram: Cause categories- Problem/ Event
3.10 Implementing solutions- close performance gaps in all 3 layers of an organization
3.11 Management System Review, Corrective and Preventive Action process
3.12 Piper Alpha generic Root Cause Analysis of all 3-layers of the Piper-Alpha Company
3.13 Safe Work Permit, an organizational tool of a self-learning team in a technical facility.
3.15 Work permit steps as an organizational EH&S measure to ensure EH&S during work.
3.16 Exercise- Case Study: “Work permit on for the working day July 6, 88” on platform Piper Alpha
3.17 Life critical organizational standards, Work permit process flow
3.18 Isolation of Energy Sources to protect people during work- Master red tag list, Personal Protective Equipment list, Group Exercise: Filling out a Safe Work Permit, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
3.19 Data Sheet (MSDS) for handling, “Hommel” Emergency handling documents of hazardous chemicals for emergency response
3.20 Recommendations for Emergency response
3.21 Example of a Safe Work Permit Template

4. The “Technology” in TOP- EH&S Management

4.0 Introduction to Case Study: BP's Texas City, Refinery Disaster, Case Study (on YouTube)
4.1 European Protection Codes for accident prevention
Occupational EH&S protection pillars

4.2 Process and Machinery Safety Practices and Methodologies
4.3 EH&S Technical Standards - An Overview
Process risk management- What is Risk? How to calculate it?
• Risk Management Process within Technical Companies handling Machinery or Hazardous Chemicals
• Example: Fire & Explosion Index (Dow Chemical)
• Example: Chemical Exposure Index (Dow Chemical)
• Example: High Priority Loss Prevention Technical Standards (Principles) for Design, Purchasing and Operation of Technical Equipment of a Company
• European Technical EH&S Standards (ICE and ISO)

4.4 HazOp- Study – Hazard Operability Study
HazOp Study Example: Group Work
HazOp Case Study: Example Separator

4.5 Risk Assessment to identify technical risk reducing measures in a technical facility:
EH&S in Chemical Engineering
Technology in TOP Frame Work
Process Safety Practices and Methodologies, Standards
Capital Project Process Steps for Modifying or Building new technical Equipment- Overview for EH&S measures

4.6 Study document DOW Fire & Explosion Index
Fire & Explosion Index Example

4.7 Risk assessment at front end of Business and Engineering process
Introduction to the Six Sigma Methodology for New Concepts to Manage a Change or new Project- Design for Six Sigma (DFSS)

4.8 LoPA- Study – Layer of Protection Analysis, different Levels and measures for technical Equipment or hazardous material to mitigate the Company Risk.
International Electro technical Commission Standards IEC
International Electro technical Commission (IEC) Functional Safety zone content and explanations IEC 61508 V11
International Electro technical Commission (IEC) Functional Safety Booklets
International IEC Standard 61508 complete

SUMMARY: Putting all the puzzle pieces of an EH&S Concept together:
4.9 Overview of the “EH&S Management”- Work Process Steps
Blocks of Management, Introduction and Overview
Ort: (N - ES40 Room 0007)
Semester: WiSe 18/19
Zeiten: Di. 11:30 - 14:00 (wöchentlich) - Health, Safety and Environmental Management
Erster Termin: Di , 16.10.2018 11:30 - 14:00, Ort: (N - ES40 Room 0007)
Veranstaltungsnummer: 18245_W18
ECTS-Kreditpunkte: 3
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Heimatinstitut: Institut für Abwasserwirtschaft u. Gewässerschutz (B-2)
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