The capsizing sequence of SEWOL

On April 16, 2014 the RoPax Ferry SEWOL capsized close the island Jindo in South Korea. During the time of the accident, 447 Passengers and 29 crew members were on board. Accident investigations which performed later on behalf of the Korean authorities showed that the ship had been overloaded and the stability was reduced. Due to large rudder angles at high speeds and the reduced stability, the ferry listed to about 20 degrees. This led to a shifting of cargo which increased the list. In this stage, a door into the vehicle deck became submerged, and water entered into the vehicle deck which spread through the ship. Due to the water ingress, the list increased until she finally sank. Only 174 persons survived the accident. Our simulation shows the sinking process of the SEWOL after the cargo has shifted.


  • Bley, M.: Untersuchungen zum Sinkvorgang der RoPax-Fähre SEWOL. TU Hamburg-Harburg, Schriftenreihe Schiffbau, Report A-88, Februar 2016
  • Lee, Gyeyong J.: Flow Model for Modelling Simulation of a Damaged Ship. Proc. 12th STAB, Glasgow, 2015.