The Sinking sequence of RMS TITANIC
On April 14, 1912 the passenger vessel RMS TITANIC collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic. due to the collision, water slowly entered into the six fore compartments. As the ship had not a freebord deck to which the watertight bulkheads extended, water could flow over the watertight transversal bulkheads into undamaged compartments due the trim by bow increased gradually. This led to the flooding of further compartments while the forward trim increased. During the final stage of the sinking after 2½ hrs, the vessel broke into two parts due to the large trim. 1514 lives were lost during the accident, although the ship floated upright for quite a long time. As a consequence of the accident, an international conference on ship safety was initiates in 1913 which finally lead to the SOLAS regulations, which are in force still today. Our simulation shows the sinking of the TITANIC from the collision until she broke into two parts. Our simulation has shown that TITANIC might have capsized after the superstructure was flooded if the floodwater would have not been obstructed by the side walls of the passage ways in the accommodation.
- Dankowski, H.: A Fast and Explicit Method for Simulating Flooding and Sinkage Scenarios of Ships. Dissertation, TU Hamburg-Harburg, Schriftenreihe Schiffbau, Report No. 668, 2013