Logistics and Supply Chain Management
Nowadays, companies are facing ever more rapidly changing economic conditions: The current competitive environment is characterized by globally operating companies, shortening of product life cycles, higher demands for individualized products, closer interconnectedness of companies as well as new information technologies. This dynamic change forces individual companies no longer acting alone but facing competition by bundling sources in supply chains. A supply chain is a network of integrated organizations, whereof each organization is involved in the value-adding processes and activities of the product or service at different stages, from raw material extraction to the end customer. Supply chain management aims to increase the competitiveness of all supply chain partners by increasing the overall supply chain efficiency. While logistics solely focuses on the flow of materials and information, supply chain management also includes financial flows among the supply chain.
Next to strategies, concepts and methods of supply chain management, our research focuses on the development of concepts to improve the market situation as well as competitiveness for companies. Furthermore, our research encompasses contemporary sustainability concepts and initiatives in supply chain management.
The release order plays a central role in sea freight imports because it entitles a transport company to collect a container from the terminal. The high requirements for security and access authorization that are linked to the release process are ideally suited for the investigating Blockchain technology in practice: The process is not too complicated, but extremely sensitive and so far there is no continuous IT-supported flow of information. The Blockchain promises a universal truth for all participants. It can be verified by digital signatures, is immutable through by cryptography and the consensus algorithms. Within the scope of the project, two alternative models will be considered and integrated into the existing import platform of the Port of Hamburg, tested for their practical suitability and compared to the existing solution.
The goal of the project is, to discern relevant developments, inform SME and the craft industries regarding these developments and present fitting solution concepts. Digitalization in the economic cluster is analyzed regarding costs, utility, and also opportunities and risks. The project supports SME in their endeavours to implement digital technologies and business models. Meanwhile, good practice models will be used as demonstrators. The necessary knowledge is provided through qualification offerings. Additionally, employment effects that are affected by the digizalization, are analyzed.
BVL uses comprehensive surveys to analyse the current "Trends and Strategies in Logistics and Supply Chain Management". The aim of the project is to obtain a clear picture of the current implementation status, future developments and their effects. In 2016/2017, this study was carried out under the direction of Professor Wolfgang Kersten of the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) and Professor Mischa Seiter of the International Performance Research Institute (IPRI) on behalf of BVL. The consortium partners were Lufthansa Industry Solutions BS GmbH in Hamburg and Horváth & Partner GmbH in Stuttgart.